December 11, 2016

早在公元前五百年的東周,中國已出現了首副普及化的桌上遊戲棋,稱之為「陸博」或「六博」。

December 10, 2016

Lukboc (or "Liubo") was the most popular board game invented at around 500 B.C. in ancient China. Based on archaeological dating, the earliest copy of the game had appeared around the end of the Eastern Zhou dynasty. The game had reached its immense popularity during the Han dynasty (220 B.C.-280 A.D.) where all levels of the society including aristocrats, officials, merchants, scholars, and peasa...

December 9, 2016

成功的遊戲背後必然存在一班始作慫恿者,「陸博」也不例外。剛開始時,遊戲只是流傳於皇族與士人之間。由於部件設計簡單,遊戲規則易學,及帶有賭博成分,一般平民百姓也漸漸流行起來。除了在皇族墓穴內發現了鑲嵌了寶石的多面体骨骰、以玉石刻制的棋子、及鑲上象牙的木制棋盤外,在民間遺址中也發現了一些粗糙的戲具,包括刻上了「陸博」棋盤指標的石制日晷,簡陋的石棋及竹筭(籌碼)。可見當時的古人對此棋之瘋狂程度,除了把棋當作炫耀身份象徵之外,死後也要把它作為陪葬品供奉他們來世享用。當時民間也流傳著一些與「陸博」規則相關的童謠,令這遊戲迅速變成一種全民皆曉之玩意。

那為什麼它會在三國時期突然消失得無影無蹤呢?答案雖然欠缺了任何歷史引證,不過學者們仍可以從宋代博戲史中推斷出一個合理的解釋。博戲的發展永遠脫離不開「賭博」這兩個字,不竟「陸博」是靠運氣為主,技巧為次的遊戲,可能當時民眾對此棋之沉迷程度已導致社會出現嚴重的經...

December 9, 2016

The popularity of any game will depend heavily on a group of instigators and promoters. The aristocrats and elites were the main driving force behind the success of Lukboc. With simple to learn rules, easy to carry parts, and able to gamble with money, Lukboc was quickly becoming their game of choice to show off their wealth. Some had their polyhedral bone dice decorated with colorful gemstones, p...